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Surgery (orthopedic)

dog surgeryOrthopedic injury, disease, and disorders can be common in animals. Certain breeds are predisposed to different types of disorders such as hip dysplasia in German Shepherds and other large breed dogs. Hip dysplasia screenings are offered for pets who undergo anesthesia for any reason especially those past 6 months of age.

Complete orthopedic and neurologic exams are done for animals presenting with lameness. Common findings are torn cruciate ligaments, medial patellar luxation, arthritis, dysplasia, and sprains and fractures.

Common orthopedic medicine and surgery includes:

Cranial Cuciate Ligament Insufficiency: The most common orthopedic injury that occurs in many canine patients is a tear of the Cranial Cruciate Ligament. A tear in this ligament can cause pain and lameness, injury to other structures of the knee including the meniscus, and lead to long term osteoarthritis of the knee. Surgical options for this injury work to eliminate pain and regain function.

Fracture Management: This includes the effective management of injured bones and tissues to foster quick restoration of the patient’s function.

Treatment of Osteoarthritis: Osteoarthritis, or degenerative joint disease, is a condition in which inflammation results in joint pain, caused by wearing of the cartilage that covers and acts as a cushion inside joints. Because bone surfaces become less protected by cartilage, patients experience pain upon weight bearing, including walking and standing. Decreased movement due to the pain causes regional muscles to weaken, and ligaments may become more lax.

Sports Medicine: This specialty area applies to the medical and surgical problems working and sport animals may encounter. Sports medicine focuses on both rehabilitive efforts and preventive methods. Environmental and physiological factors can lead to sports medicine type injuries.

Lameness and gait analysis: A decrease in an animal's ability to bear weight on a limb, a decrease in activity, and/or stiffness upon rising are indications of lameness and/or gait issues.

Amputation: Surgical limb amputation is used to remove an injured or diseased limb.